The following is an abstract from a paper co-authored by Arash Badakhsh, hydrogen specialist at PNDC, University of Strathclyde. Learn more about Arash.


Hydrogen (H2) is the lightest known molecule; hence, its compression or liquefaction is highly energy-intensive. One of the promising ways to easily store and transport hydrogen is via the use of chemical carriers such as ammonia (17.8 wt%H2). Synthesis of ammonia, however, accounts for 2% of global energy use and 1.2% of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. So, catalysts play a significant role in mitigating these by lowering the temperature and pressure required for the reaction. In this paper, Arash and his team have studied the effect of chemical promoters on the reactivity of perovskite-supported catalysts. They identified which promoter works the best and described the mechanism of the reaction chemistry of thermochemical ammonia synthesis when using these catalysts. Their findings highlight significant insights into the design of new catalysts for such a high-in-demand reaction.

Schematic graph summarising the promoter effect of Ru/LCO catalysts
Schematic graph summarising the promoter effect of Ru/LCO catalysts

Read the full paper in the International Journal of Energy Research.

Hizkia Manuel Vieri, Arash Badakhsh, Sun Hee Choi, “Comparative Study of Ba, Cs, K, and Li as Promoters for Ru/La2Ce2O7-Based Catalyst for Ammonia Synthesis”, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 2023, Article ID 2072245, 11 pages, 2023.